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More Retirees are Choosing to Live Together Older adults opt to share space to save money and care for each other. See All Local Map content has been skipped. State News. The number of newspaper journalists has decreased from 43, in to 33, in Other traditional news media have also suffered.
In the United Kingdom , newspaper publishers have been similarly hit.
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In late The Independent announced job cuts, and in The Independent 's print edition ceased circulation. The challenges facing the industry are not limited to the United States, or even English-speaking markets. Newspapers in Switzerland and the Netherlands, for instance, have lost half of their classified advertising to the Internet. Sales of newspapers rose in Latin America , Asia and the Middle East , but fell in other regions of the world, including Western Europe , where the proliferation of free dailies helped bolster overall circulation figures.
While Internet revenues are rising for the industry, the bulk of its Web revenues come from a few areas, with most revenue generated in the United States, western Europe and Asia—Pacific region.
The increasing use of the Internet search function, primarily through large engines such as Google , has also changed the habits of readers. Where once the ability to disseminate information was restricted to those with printing presses or broadcast mechanisms, the Internet has enabled thousands of individual commentators to communicate directly with others through blogs or instant message services. But the search engine experience has left some newspaper proprietors cold.
Critics of the newspaper as a medium also argue that while today's newspapers may appear visually different from their predecessors a century ago, in many respects they have changed little and have failed to keep pace with changes in society. The technology revolution has meant that readers accustomed to waiting for a daily newspaper can now receive up-to-the-minute updates from Web portals, bloggers and new services such as Twitter. In some countries, such as India , the newspaper remains more popular than Internet and broadcast media. Even where the problems are felt most keenly, in North America and Europe, there have been recent success stories, such as the dramatic rise of free daily newspapers, like those of Sweden 's Metro International ,  as well as papers targeted towards the Hispanic market, local weekly shoppers,  and so-called hyperlocal news.
But these new revenue streams, such as that from newspapers' proprietary Web sites, are often a fraction of the sums generated by the previous advertisement- and circulation-driven revenue streams, and so newspapers have been forced to curtail their overhead while simultaneously trying to entice new users. In response to falling ad revenues and plunging circulation, many newspapers have cut staff as well as editorial content, and in a vicious cycle , those cuts often spur more and deeper circulation declines—triggering more loss of ad revenues.
And no one has figured a way out. By social media sites were overtaking television as a source for news for young people and news organisations have become increasingly reliant on social media platforms for generating traffic. While newspaper companies continue to produce much of the award-winning journalism, consumers of that journalism are less willing to pay for it in a world where information on the Web is plentiful and free.
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Plans for Web-based subscription services have largely faltered, with the exception of financial outlets like The Wall Street Journal , which have been able to generate substantial revenues from subscribers whose subscriptions are often underwritten by corporate employers. Some general-interest newspapers, even high-profile papers like The New York Times , were forced to experiment with their initial paid Internet subscription models.
Times Select , the Times' initial pay service, lasted exactly two years before the company abandoned it.
Within the industry, there is little consensus on the best strategy for survival. Some pin their hopes on new technologies such as e-paper or radical revisions of the newspaper, such as Daily Me ;  others, like a recent cover story in Time magazine, have advocated a system that includes both subscriptions as well as micro-payments for individual stories. Some newspaper analysts believe the wisest move is embracing the Internet, and exploiting the considerable brand value and consumer trust that newspapers have built over decades. But revenues from online editions have come nowhere near matching previous print income from circulation and advertising sales, since they get only about one-tenth to one-twentieth the revenue for a Web reader that they do for a print reader;  many struggle to maintain their previous levels of reporting amidst eroding profits.
In the past, larger newspapers often devoted a portion of their editorial budget to such efforts, but with ad dollars drying up, many papers are looking closer at the productivity of individual reporters, and judging speculative investments in investigative reports as non-essential.
Some advocates have suggested that instead of investigative reports funded by newspapers, that non-profit foundations pick up the slack. The Huffington Post also announced that it would set aside funds for investigative reporting. Observers point out that the reliability and accountability of newspapers is being replaced by a sea of anonymous bloggers, many with uncertain credentials and points of view.
Where once the reader of a daily newspaper might consume reporting, for instance, by an established Cairo bureau chief for a major newspaper, today that same reader might be directed by a search engine to an anonymous blogger with cloudy allegiances, training or ability. Ironically, these dilemmas facing the newspaper industry come as its product has never been more sought-after.
As the demand for news has exploded, so have consumers of the output of newspapers. Both nytimes. Some observers have compared the dilemma to that faced by the music industry. The revenue streams that newspapers counted on to subsidize their product have changed irrevocably: in , according to a study by the Pew Research Center , more people in the United States got their news for free on the Internet than paid for it by buying a newspaper or magazine.
In , for the third year in a row, the CareerCast survey of the best and worst jobs in the U. It pointed to fewer job prospects because of publications closing down, and declining ad revenue providing less money for salaries. Being an over the air broadcaster was the third worst, and advertising sales is in the bottom Depending on location and circumstances, each specific newspaper will face varied threats and changes. In some cases, new owners have increased their reliance on print, not trying to rely a lot more on digital services. However, in most cases, there is an attempt to find new revenue sources online that are less based on print sales.
How much further ad sales will decline cannot be predicted with accuracy.
Ultimately, the newspaper of the future may bear little resemblance to the newsprint edition familiar to older readers.